Tag Archives: histfic

My Fiction for The Regal Period of Rome-

Rome in its Regal period was ruled by Seven Kings.

Rome’s Seven Kings

Each of these kings reigned for many years, while other events were happening in Italy and nearby regions. Romulus founded Rome in 753 BC. The seventh and last king, Tarquinius Superbus, was deposed in 509 BC.

Timeline of Regal Rome

Rome was built on Seven Hills, inland on the Tiber River.

The Land of Regal Rome

Regal Period Italy was home to a variety of different peoples.

Peoples in Regal Period Italy

Some of the various tribes that interacted with Rome as allies or enemies.

History, and Some Women, in the Reigns of Romulus and of Tarquinius Superbus

A brief overview of women in the first and last monarchies of ancient Rome.

Women in the Reigns of the Seven Kings

A brief reign-by-reign look at some of the women who played roles during these seven reigns.

Two of my Works-in-progress are set during the Regal Period of early ancient Rome.

Romulus, Wolf who Founded Rome tells the story of Romulus, who wanted to serve the gods, but insted must become a warrior-king.  When his attempts at diplomacy fail and he must take steps to secure the growth of his new city, he goes to war. By the favors of the gods, he ensures Rome becomes wealthy and renowned in Latium. But he is faced with a heartbreaking choice, when he learns his noble subjects plan to kill him.

For Rome’s Honor is set during the reign of the seventh and last king of early Rome. Marcella’s father is executed as a traitor when he speaks out against the king’s tyranny. When the long affair of her married friend Lucretia, with Tarquin’s son Sextus, ends in death and revolution, Marcella and her friend Valeria are among hostages taken by the invading Etruscan king Porsenna. Marcella faces a choice that may win back her family honor but at a price she may not be able to pay.

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Just One Timeline of Ancient Rome

I dedicate this timeline and the accompanying historical notes with respect and affection to the following:

* To both my mothers Eleanor and Speranza, to my brothers in Sardinia and their families, to my marvelous adorable husband David, to my sons and their ladies, and to all my ancestors in Italy, Sardinia, and wherever else they may be.

*To all my colleagues and friends in the Historical Fiction writing community, with particular pride in all who write stories set in ancient Rome, but with great gratitude to all of you for your inspiration, dedication and determination to keep alive history and the people who live it.

Timeline 1. of ancient Rome and its World:

c. 814 Carthage is founded by Phoenician settlers

c. 800 The Etruscan culture emerges in Italy.

c. 800-500 The Greeks colonize the western Mediterranean.

c. 776 The Earliest recorded Olympic Games occur in Greece.

c. 771 Romulus is born

c. 753 Rome is traditionally founded. Numa Pompilius, Rome’s second king, is born.

c. 750 Homer composes the Iliad and Odyssey. Corinthian Greeks establish Syracuse in Sicily.

c. 715 Numa becomes king.

c. 700-600 Greek colonies such as Croton, Sybaris, and Rhegium, are established in southern Italy.

c. 680-627 Assyrian empire at its greatest, pressure from its invasions force migrations of artisans into other regions.

c. 672 Tullus Hostilius becomes king of Rome.

c. 655 Demaratus of Corinth flees to Etruscan Tarquinia and becomes father of Rome’s fifth king Tarquinius Priscus

c. 640 Ancus Marcius becomes king of Rome.

c. 616 T Priscus becomes king of Rome.

c. 578 Servius Tullius becomes king of Rome

c. 550-500 Carthage imposes its dominance over much of Sardinia and western Sicily

c. 546 Greek Phocaean refugees settle at Alalia in Corsica

c. 540-535 Battle of the Sardinian Sea where allied Carthaginian and Etruscan fleets are defeated by the Phocaeans, but the Greeks abandon Corsica

c. 534 T Superbus becomes last king of Rome

c. 524 Greek Cumae defeats an invading Etruscan army

c. 510 Dorieus of Sparta killed in western Sicily and Croton destroys Sybaris in southern Italy.

c. 510-500 Hasdrubal is killed in Sardinia.

c. 509 First treaty between Rome and Carthage, Rome expels Superbus and creates a republic.

c. 508-496 Etruscan king Porsena makes war on Rome, Superbus seeks help from Greek Cumae, Latin League is defeated by Rome at Lake Regillus and Superbus dies in exile in Cumae.

Rome’s monarchy ends after more than 250 years (so the traditional kinglist has it).

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Bits of History Shining Through

There are about 244 years between the traditional year in which Rome was founded, and the traditional year in which Rome replaced its monarchy with a republic.

There are about 293 years between the beginning of the Roman Republic and Hannibal’s devastating defeat of the Roman legions at Cannae.

During those 537 years, lots of history happened within Rome’s lands. But much of its history was affected, directly or indirectly, by people and events in other regions. Rome grew up surrounded by Oscan-speaking Latin peoples and by the Etruscans (also called Tyrrhenians). Rome’s seven kings were either Sabine Latin, descended from Etruscans, had some Greek (or even Trojan) blood in their veins, or combinations of any of these. Further south, the Greeks had established colonies on the Italian mainland as early as Rome’s founding, and continued through her monarchy. The Greeks of Cumae welcomed the exiled last Roman king after his final defeat. The Greek tyrants of Sicily brought their wars into the Greek mainland during the century before Rome and Carthage began its first war, and then Rome sailed to war in Sicily and North Africa in the mid-third century.

Most of the history of these five centuries concentrate very closely on generals, rulers, and battles. But more must have happened than just defeats and victories–five hundred years is a very long time.

In some future posts I will present some historical background to the age in which my four current stories take place. Since I look for specific things in the histories, I might highlight events and people that fascinate me more than others. I might also offer speculation where history seems to leave tremendous gaps.

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Filed under Early Rome, Historical fiction, Novel